The Uyghur are a predominantly Sunni Muslim tribe that speaks Turkish and uses Arabic letters.
They converted to Islam at the end of the seventh century after they embraced different religions that are scattered in that region such as Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, and others.
They formed a powerful country in East Turkestan.
This established country was considered an integral part of the Islamic world until it was conquered by the Chinese regime in 1759.
The Uyghur then revolted Some of these revolutions succeeded in establishing an independent state, yet the Uyghur were unable to withstand the 0 of the Chinese, who eventually managed to annex East Turkestan to China in 1949
East Turkestan was renamed to be Xing-yang Province. The name means “new frontiers”.
If you are a Muslim, try not to be Chinese, and if you are Chinese, try not to be Uyghur.
Try to learn about the diversified circumstances of Muslims in the far corners of the earth.
China was introduced to the Islamic religion in the late 7th century, through religious missions, then military conquests.
As a result of these missions and conquests, they established an Islamic city in an area known as “East Turkestan”, meaning the land of the Turks. It remained an integral part of the Islamic world until it was conquered by the Chinese regime in 1759, then in 1876.
East Turkestan Muslims led several armed revolts, some of which failed and others succeeded.
In the end, they succeeded in establishing an independent state.
However, Muslims could not withstand the of the Chinese who were eventually able to annex East Turkestan to their state in 1949 and named it the Province of Xing-yang, which shows the new frontiers of the newly established People’s Republic of China.
East Turkestan became occupied by the Chinese regime, with a population of 1.3 billion people, 92% of whom belonged to the Han race, and 8% of which are Muslims and numbered around 23 million, belonging to 10 races, including two very large groups
The “Hui” speak Chinese fluently and do not possess any danger to the Chinese regime as they politically support China and they do not request independence in addition to the fact that they are geographically scattered.
The Uyghur don’t know Chinese and they use the Turkish language. They pose a threat to the Chinese regime, and they demand independence.
China’s Policies towards Muslims
After the founding of the Communist Republic of China, the promotion of atheism in the murderous Chinese regime became a general policy of the state towards religions, and china followed several policies in dealing with Muslims between 1949 and 1958.
Between 1958 and 1966, The Chinese tried to change the Islamic identity to a communist identity, all of which did not work. As a result, the Chinese regime ordered to disrupt all religious rites.
The latter order was executed by banning the “Hajj” and closing the Islamic institutes. The most serious phase was in 1966 and 1976, when the scholars of Islam were beaten, “Qurans” were burnt and mosques closed. The only mosque that remained open is in Beijing for diplomats to pray
In East Turkestan, 97% of mosques were closed permanently.
As a result, the number of mosques decreased from 20,000 to less than 500. By the beginning of the 1970s, a new phase began, more than 1,900 mosques were reopened in East Turkestan alone, and re-established pilgrimages. This time phase was considered the golden age of the Hui Muslims as the Chinese regime treated them as the true Muslims and gave them all political and religious rights.
However, as for the Uyghur Muslims who do not know the Chinese language and lived in the occupied territory, the Chinese regime imposes strict controls on them, preventing them from their most basic rights. Persecution escalated since 2001, banning them from Niqab and beards, and sometimes the veil. They are periodically forced to lend their “Qurans” and prayer mats to the occupying regime of their country, and fasting has been repeatedly banned in public schools and governmental institutions. The passport for the Uyghur Muslims were an unreachable dream. Moreover, Shopkeepers have been forced to sell liquor and cigarettes or to close their shops.
If you enter East Turkestan or “Xing-yang”, you may find a sign on the door of every mosque that says that no one under the age of 18 is allowed to enter. The Chinese government deals with Uyghur Muslims as the World Health Organization (WHO) deals with smoking.
In addition, the Uyghur Muslims are prohibited from hiring and working as they are considered to be not qualified
Rich territory for poor people
The Chinese regime considers the occupied Xinjiang region as a special region and it is classified as an industrial region with its theoretical autonomy. It forms around the sixth of the total country’s area and contributes significantly to its wealth, with 80% of the total oil production and 90% of the uranium production. However, the richness of the region is not good for Uyghur. The Chinese regime has begun to settle the Han in this region since the 1990s, they are living the real well-being. As a result, the Uighurs almost become the minority by 50% after they were the majority by 90%.
Resistance to achieve rights
Islam in China encompasses two Islam’s, an Islam that the Chinese regime accepts, and an Islam that cannot be easily curbed. Uyghur seeks their right to independence as they wish, but because of the internal wealth in the region, China will not give up so easily, and after 1,300 years of Islam’s introduction from the Arabian Peninsula, it seems that their only option is to enter Islam as the Chinese regime wants, or resistance until independence.